Professor Calvin Taylor
Faculty Pro-Dean for Research and Innovation and Chair in Cultural Economy
00 44 (0)113 3438736
PhD Theoretical Political Economy (University of Glasgow); BsC (Hons) Sociology and Political Economy (City University, London)
Calvin originally trained as a political economist. Graduating initially from City University, London, he pursued his studies through to doctoral level at the University of Glasgow. After a time in industry, he took his first teaching post at Bretton Hall College in the 1990s and then transferred to Leeds University in 2001. His principle interest is in the creative industries as a force for cultural, social and economic transformation. He was appointed to the Leeds Chair in Cultural Industries in 2008, becoming Chair in Cultural Economy in 2013.
Critical political economy
The arts, creativity and labour
Organisation and work in the performance industries
The creative industries and place
Creativity and entrepreneurship
Universities and the creative industries
PECI 5101 Research Perspectives (Module Leader)
PECI 5204 Theoretical Perspectives: Culture, Creativity and Entrepreneurship;
PECI 5206 Critical Debates in Culture and Development (Module Leader),
PECI 5102 Research Project (Dissertation Supervisor);
PECI 3109 Contemporary Issues in the Cultural Industries (Level III, Module Leader);
PECI 3107 Enterprise Project (Level III, Contributory Tutor);
PECI 3108 Dissertation (Level III, Dissertation Supervisor).
(2014) “Performing for affect? immaterial labour and performer training”, Theatre, Dance and Performance Training. 5.2: 181-196.
DOI: 10.1080/19443927.2014.925486, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/79041/
(2013) “The Role of Universities in the Regional Creative Economies of the UK: Hidden Protagonists and the Challenge of Knowledge Transfer”, European Planning Studies.
DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2013.790589, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78812/
(2013) “Between Culture, Policy and Industry: The Ambiguities of Intermediation in the Creative Economy”, Regional Studies. : 1-12.
DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2012.748981, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78829/
(2006) “Beyond advocacy: developing an evidence base for regional creative industry strategies”, Cultural Trends. 15.1: 3-18.
DOI: 10.1080/09548960600615871, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78774/
(2002) “The Creative Industries: A Regional Perspective”, The Regional Review. 11.3: 8-9.
(2011) “Socialising Creativity: Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Creative Industries”, In: Henry C; de Bruin A (eds.) Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy: Process, Practice and Policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 30-49
DOI: 10.4337/9780857933058, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78754/
(2009) “‘The Creative Industries, Governance and Economic Development: A UK Perspective’”, In: Kong L; O'Connor J (eds.) Creative Economies, Creative Cities: Asian-European Perspectives. Geojournal Library. Springer. 153-166
Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78768/
(2008) “‘Developing relationships between universities, the creative industries, enterprise and innovation’”, In: Henry C (eds.) Entrepreneurship in the Creative Industries: International Perspectives.. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/78767/
(2007) “Developing Relationships between Higher Education, Enterprise and Innovation in the Creative Industries”, In: Henry C (eds.) Entrepreneurship in the Creative Industries. Edward Elgar. 177-195 (Accepted)
(1988) “The Contradictions of Positivist Marxism”, In: Williams M; Reuten G (eds.) Value, Social Form and the State. Macmillan. 100-101
(2015) Cultural Value: A Perspective from Cultural Economy. Leeds: University of Leeds.
Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/91869/
(2005) Creating Global Statistics for Culture: Expert Scoping Study Final Report.
(2004) The Creative Industries in Leeds: An Initial Economic Impact Assessment. Leeds City Council.
(2003) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Calderdale.
(2002) Visual Artists in shared workspaces - resources and facilities. University of Leeds.
(2002) Creative Yorkshire: strategies for a creative region. University of Leeds.
(2001) Kirklees Cultural Economy Database. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Doncaster. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Kirklees. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Wakefield. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Hull. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in South Yorkshire. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Sheffield. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Barnsley.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Bradford. Bretton Hall.
(2001) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in North-East Lincolnshire. Bretton Hall.
(2000) Cultural Industries Key Data. Bretton Hall.
(2000) Kirklees Cultural Economy Database, Mapping and Political Cultures. Bretton Hall.
(1999) Cultural Industries Baseline Study: Yorkshire and Humberside Region. Bretton Hall.
(1998) Cultural Industries Research Project in Wakefield District. Bretton Hall.
(2002) Creative Yorkshire: Case Studies for a Creative Region. Suite of Research reports for Creative Yorkshire.
Research Projects & Grants
Major Research Activities
I have pursued a number of research themes over the years that can broadly be grouped as follows:
- The Critique of Cultural Value (2013 – ongoing)
- Theorising the Creative Economy (2007 – ongoing)
- Creative Economies in International Perspective (2000- ongoing)
- Universities and the Creative Economy (2005-2014)
- Policy and Mapping for Knowledge Exchange (1997-2009)
Each of these is briefly described below together with their related publications/outputs.
- The Critique of Cultural Value
Dominant accounts of cultural value assign it to either a psychology of individual affect, or, to the norms of values of the social groups that appropriate it, including, for example Foucauldian interpretations of cultural value as a term of governance. In my work I am aiming to challenge these psychological and sociological reductions by demonstrating that cultural value in contemporary discourse should be treated as an object within a longer tradition of political philosophy and political economy in order to demonstrate the continuing relevance of the critique of political economy as a viable and valid intellectual project in the twenty-first century. This area of work has been developed with the support of a grant under the AHRC Cultural Value Project in 2013-14.
Taylor, C. (Work in progress) Cultural Value: Aesthetics, Ethics and Political Economy. Monograph.
Taylor. C. (2014) Cultural Value: A Perspective from Cultural Economy. Critical Review. AHRC Cultural Value Project: Swindon.
- Theorising the Creative Economy
Whilst critiques of the creative economy have been quick to marshal the standard empiricist lament about definitional matters, what has actually been missing is a coherent conceptualisation of it. As a consequence a number of conceptual ‘folk wisdoms’ have been widely adopted regarding, for example, the sociality of the creative industries; the functionality of intermediation; the non-cognitive nature of creativity, and so forth. This has led to a kind of sociological ‘romanticism’ in which the creative economy/creative industries are held to stand for immediate social connectivity. In these papers and book chapters I have argued variously for regarding intermediation as a new form of networked social structuration; suggested that creativity as a form of knowledge exchange needs to be re-connected to questions of knowledge and cognition and critiqued the over-socialisation of the creative economy that occurs in many dominant accounts.
Taylor, C. (Work in progress) Beyond the Strategic Fix? The Associational Creative Economy and the City. Paper first presented at the American Association of Geographers Annual Conference, Chicago in 2015.
Taylor, C. (2015) Between Culture, Policy and Industry: The Ambiguities of Intermediation in the Creative Economy, Regional Studies, 49(3), 362-373.
Taylor, C. (2015) Performing for Affect? Immaterial labour and performer training, Theatre, Dance and Performance Training 5(2) 181-196.
Taylor, C. (2011) Socialising creativity: entrepreneurship and innovation in the creative industries, in: Henry, C and de Bruin, A (eds.) Entrepreneurship and the Creative Economy: Process, Practice and Policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 30-49.
Taylor, C. (2009) The creative industries, governance and economic development: A UK perspective, in: Kong, L and O’Connor, J. (eds.) Creative Economies, Creative Cities: Asian-European Perspectives, 153-166.
- Creative Economies in International Perspective
Whilst the creative economy has been casually regarded as a superficial urban economic fix in many quarters, I have been interested in and intrigued by the diversity of ways in which a wide range of radically different international locations have expressed an interest in it and what it might mean to them. What is often striking is the diversity of the audiences who pick up on the ideas, from policy agents, to arts sector representatives to community organisations to informal citizens groups. What is even more interesting is how such notions as the creative economy accrete different and divergent meanings across different locations. The British Council’s Creative Economy Programme has supported this area of my research activities. Projects have been undertaken in Colombia, Croatia, Mexico and Pakistan. These have included a diverse range of activities including workshops, policy forums and knowledge exchange with local research teams.
Pakistan Creative Industries. (2014). Working with the British Council in Pakistan to raise the profile of both the established and emergent creative economies of Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad. The project produced a report combining data and case studies and engaged with a wide range of policy-makers across a range of administrative levels, artists, entrepreneurs, students and academics.
Taylor, C. Rab, M. Khan, S. Evans, K. & Stockley, S. (2014) The Cultural and Creative Industries in Pakistan. pp.1-66. British Council: Karachi, Pakistan.
Creative Industries in Puebla, Mexico. (2012). Working with the Economic Development Department of Puebla Municipality (and financially supported by the British Council) to understand types and levels of innovation within the local economy. This was a knowledge exchange project with a local research team within the Municipality working on developing locally sensitive innovation strategies.
Creative Industries of Colombia (2002-2007). My work in Colombia, supported by the British Council, comprised two advisory projects. The first was with the City of Bogota that had decided to undertake a Creative Industries Mapping Exercise as part of a wider city strategy. I advised on the creation of a team, worked through possible methodological strategies with them and assisted in problem-solving. The second advisory project was working with the Regional Economic Observatory (CRECE) of the Caldas Region (centred on the City of Manizales) to develop a creative industries mapping toolkit. Again I advised the team and acted as a critical friend to their work. The toolkit that they developed has gone on to be used around the world.
Prada Rios, S. et al (2007) Guide to Producing Regional Mappings of the Creative Industries. Bogota, Colombia: Ministry of Culture.
Creative Industries in the South-East of Europe. (2004). This was a short intensive project supported by the British Council built around a workshop on creative industries policy and the role of evidence in Split, Croatia. It included participants from a range of cities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Serbia, Croatia, Albania, Romania and Montenegro.
- Universities and the Creative Economy (2005-2014)
This area of research activity was financially supported by an AHRC Impact Evaluation Fellowship
- Comunian, R; Taylor, C. & Smith, DN. (2014) Universities and the regional creative economy: hidden protagonists and the challenge of knowledge transfer, European Planning Studies, 22(12), 2456-2476.
- Taylor, C, Smith, D & Comunian, R. (2008) Universities in the Cultural Economy: Bridging Innovation in the Arts, Humanities and Creative Industries. Paper presented at International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Taylor, C. The Creative Industries and Knowledge Transfer. (2007) Presentation given to AHRC Creative Industries and Knowledge Transfer Partnerships Seminar, University of West of England.
- Comunian, R, Smith, D & Taylor, C. (2007) A New Triple Helix: Universities, Creative Industries and Cultural Policy. First presented by Comunian at Triple Helix Conference, Singapore.
- Taylor, C. (2007) The Creative Industries, Entrepreneurship and Economic Development. Paper for World Universities Network Conference, Chicago.
- Taylor, C. (2007) ‘Developing Relationships between Universities, the Creative Industries, Enterprise and Innovation’. In Henry, C (ed.) Entrepreneurship in the Creative Industries: International Perspectives. New York: Edward Elgar.
- Taylor, C, Smith, D & Comunian R. (2006) Knowledge Transfer in UK Arts and Humanities: Scoping Impact and Trends. First presented by Smith and Comunian at Society for Research in Higher Education Conference, Brighton.
- Policy and Mapping for Knowledge Exchange
Framework for Global Cultural Statistics (2006)
In 2006, I was invited, with Prof Andy Pratt (LSE, now City University, London) and Paul Owens (Burns Owen Partnership) to review the UNESCO 1986 Framework for Global Cultural Statistics and make recommendations for its revision. The recommendations drew heavily from our collective experience of describing and quantifying the impacts of culture in the UK and around the world. After a lengthy period of international consultation, and under the supervision of an expert group, the finalised recommendations were adopted by UNESCO in 2009.
Local and Regional Knowledge Exchange Projects
- O’Connor, J. Bell, D., Taylor, C. & Gonzalez, S. (2007) Yorkshire Cities and Cultures: A Review of Current Thinking. A Report for the Yorkshire Key Cities Group, pp 1-53.
- Taylor, C.’ Burns Owens Partnership, Fallon Consulting. (2005) The Creative and Digital Industries Cluster in Leeds. pp.1-30. Leeds: Leeds City Growth Initiative and Leeds Cultural Partnership.
- Taylor, C. & Ellis, R.J. (2004) The Creative Industries in Leeds: An Initial Economic Impact Assessment, pp33. Leeds: Leeds City Council.
- Burns Owen Partnership & Taylor, C. (2004) The Economic Impact of the Creative Industries on the South West Region, pp 1-33. Bristol: Culture South West and South West Regional Development Agency.
- Taylor, C., Wilson, N., Hart, M. & Ellis, R. (2004) The Creative Industries Data and Intelligence Framework for London. CD-Rom. London: London Development Agency
- Positive Solutions & Taylor, C. (2004) The Economic Impact of the Creative Industries in Cumbria, pp1-46. Penrith: Cumbria County Council.
- Burns Owens Partnership & Taylor, C. (2004) The Economic Impact of the Creative Industries in Kirklees, pp2 -36. Huddersfield: Kirklees Metropolitan Council.
- Positive Solutions & Taylor, C. (2004) The Economic Impact of the Creative Industries in Cheshire and Warrington. pp.1-17. Chester: Cheshire County Council.
- Taylor, C., Ellis, R. J. & Sugrue, K. (2003) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in the Calderdale District, pp1-39. Leeds: University of Leeds and Calderdale Borough Council.
Creative Yorkshire (2002-2005) Phase II
Phase II of the Creative Yorkshire research programme consisted of a number of research and reporting exercises determined by the Creative Yorkshire Steering Group. These topics covered the voluntary and community sector, workspace needs and cultural diversity. Each has been used by the Arts Council to determine strategy in each of these areas.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Ellis, R.J. (2005) The Voluntary Creative Sector in Yorkshire and the Humber, pp3-34. Dewsbury: Arts Council Yorkshire.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Ellis, R.J. (2005) Visual Artists in Shared Workspaces: Resources and Facilities, pp. 4-28. Dewsbury: Arts Council, Yorkshire.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Ellis, R.J. (2004) Cultural Diversity and Employment in the Creative Industries, pp2-50. Dewsbury: Arts Council Yorkshire.
Creative Yorkshire (2000 – 2005) Phase I
Creative Yorkshire Phase I comprised two pieces of research: first, a comprehensive detailed mapping of the creative industries sector in the Yorkshire and Humber Region, including a full suite of regional comparative performance indicators and second, a series of case studies of enterprises working within the creative industries sector. This project was jointly commissioned by Yorkshire Forward and the Arts Council, England and overseen by a Steering Group of RDA and Arts Council officers, local authority representatives and academics.
- Taylor, C. The Creative and Digital Industries in the Yorkshire and Humber Region. pp. 1-21. Leeds: Yorkshire Forward. 2006.
- Taylor, C. (2005) Beyond Advocacy: Developing an Evidence Base for Regional Creative Industries Strategies. Cultural Trends Vol.15. No.1. pp3-18. 2006. First presented at the International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Montreal, 2004.
- Taylor, C. (2005) The Digital Cluster in the Yorkshire and Humber Region. Pp1-15. Sheffield: Sero Limited and Yorkshire Forward. 2005.
- Taylor, C. (2004) Data for the Digital Cluster in the Yorkshire and Humber Region. Pp1-6. Leeds: Yorkshire Forward, 2004.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. (2002) Creative Yorkshire: Case Studies for a Creative Region, pp1-87. Leeds: University of Leeds & Yorkshire Arts, 2002.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C, (2002) Creative Yorkshire: Strategies for a Creative Region, pp1-59. Leeds: University of Leeds & Yorkshire Arts.
- Taylor, C. (2002) The Creative Industries: A Regional Perspective, Regional Review Vol. 11 No 3, pp4-5. Leeds: Yorkshire Universities
The Cultural Industries Baseline Study Phases I and II (1998-2002)
This project applied the methodology developed in Kirklees (see below) to the whole of the Yorkshire and the Humber region (Phase I) and then to a selection of participating local authorities that commissioned bespoke studies for their own areas (Phase II). The project contained two methodological refinements over the CTI project: a clearer delineation between commercial and non-commercial activities and a completely new process for estimating the number of businesses operated on a freelance basis. The project was supervised by a Steering Group comprising senior representatives of the Arts Council, the participating local authorities and sector representatives.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Barton, T. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Barnsley, pp1-27. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College. 2002.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Bradford, pp1-27. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Barton, T. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Doncaster, pp1-34. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Hull, pp1-31. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Kirklees, pp1-31. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Northeast Lincolnshire, pp1-31. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Barton, T. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in Sheffield, pp1-29. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C. & Barton, T. (2002) Key Data: the Cultural Industries in South Yorkshire, pp1-31. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C., Heathcote, C & Barton, T. (2002) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in Wakefield, pp1-29. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
- Taylor, C. & Roodhouse, S. (2000) Key Data: The Cultural Industries in the Yorkshire and Humber Region. pp. 1-36. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College.
The Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative 1997-2000
A European Regional Development Fund Special Initiatives programme funded project. This fund provided grants of up to £3million Ecus to towns and cities that had experienced rapid de-industrialisation with the purpose of piloting new approaches to urban industrial development. Huddersfield was one of 16 towns in the then defined European Community that was successful in attracting this funding for what has now become an internationally recognised exemplar of good practice in urban innovation – the Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative (CTI). I was the academic lead for the research element within the overall three-year project. The research had three purposes: to define, map and quantify the creative industries sector in the Kirklees local authority area; to examine and interpret the development of the sector for the wider purposes of public policy and to establish and maintain an on-line database of companies and artists for the duration of the project. The key published outputs from the project include the three project reports detailed below. With a view to examining the legacy of CTI, in 2003, I in conjunction with Phil Wood, the Project Director wrote a critical paper, offering an evidence-based judgment on the effectiveness of the initiative. The project was overseen by a Steering Group of senior local authority representatives. The United Nations Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity described the Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative as ‘[t]he most commonly cited example’ of urban regeneration through culture (UNESCO, 2004)
- Wood, P. & Taylor, C. Big Ideas for a Small Town: The Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative, Local Economy Vol. 19, No. 4, pp380-395, 2004
- Taylor, C., Smith, W.J. & Pearce, C. (2001) Kirklees Cultural Economy Database, Final Report and Summary, pp4 + 1-77. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College and the Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative.
- Taylor, C., Smith, W.J. & Pearce, C. (2000) Mapping and Political Cultures, pp5 + 1-97. Wakefield: Bretton Hall College and the Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative.
- Taylor, C. & Smith, W.J. (1999) Kirklees Cultural Economy Database: Interim Report. pp Wakefield: Bretton Hall College and Huddersfield Creative Town Initiative.
PhD & Postdoctoral Supervision
‘ The Space, Sociality and Art Worlds of Creative Clusters: Two Case Studies in Shanghai’ (Dr Yan Hong, 2012)
‘Urban Opera and Contemporary Chinese Politics. A Case Study of the Shanghai Yueju Company Marketisation of Shanghai Opera’ (Dr Haili Ma, 2011)
‘Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy in Taiwan’
‘Niche Cultural Festivals and Sustainability’
‘Creativity and Sociality in Practice-based Arts Research’
The role of the value-form in the labour theory of value